How to Make Shortbread (Recipe from Scotland) (2024)

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This shortbread cookie recipe is directly from Scotland. You can be sure it’s authentic; and if you follow all my tips, you’ll have the best tasting Scottish shortbread, ever! (And I’ll tell you why it’s truly not even a cookie!)

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In September of 2014, I flew to Scotland to be a judge in a cake baking competition.

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I wrote about my impending participation, and added this shortbread cookie recipe at the end. You can click the “jump to recipe” button or simply scroll down for it.

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WARNING: beware of which Scottish recipes you find on the internet. Some sites with Scottish names are simply NOT Scottish at all. 🥲

Why am I calling it a Shortbread Cookie Recipe?

The first thing I have to tell you is that it pains me to call shortbread a “cookie”. Any Scot would agree with me, because it’s simply in a class by itself. It’s always referred to as just plain “shortbread” or classified as biscuits in Scotland, as well of the rest of the UK. Shortbread fingers are most traditional shape, but I’d hazard a guess that the shortbread made in moulds goes back even further in history. And before I go any further…

Is Shortbread Scottish or Irish?

There is NO question that shortbread biscuits are SCOTTISH.

Also, if you care for my explanation on why I’m calling this a shortbread “cookie” recipe, you can read my explanation at the bottom of this post. Trust me, there’s a good reason (but it kills me)!

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Why is Scotland famous for Shortbread?

The main reason Scotland is famous for shortbread is because that’s where it was invented. Although the first recipe was a “medieval biscuit bread”, it morphed into its current buttery recipe later on in history. Scotland is also known for making the best shortbread.

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Shortbread is also a tradition for Hogmanay, or New Year’s Eve, in Scotland. It’s coming up, so why not make a double batch for Christmas and New Year’s Eve? It’s a great way to start the new year, with some Scotch whisky! (FYI: Scotch whisky is always spelled without an “e”.)

Heard of sticky toffee pudding? This recipe is phenomenal, just read the reviews!

Why do They call it Shortbread?

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A very long time ago, biscuits were made from leftover baked goods which were repurposed into another form. You may remember I explained that “biscotti” means “cooked twice” in Italian, which is where the word, “biscuit” comes from. When butter began being added, these biscuits were no longer cooked twice, but the name remained.

Try this classic Scottish Empire biscuit recipe, too!

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What’s the Ingredients for Shortbread?

Shortbread ingredients are simply flour, butter and sugar. Only these three ingredients are needed.

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What is the Difference Between Butter Cookies and Shortbread?

I have to explain the difference because another site claims that butter cookies are better than shortbread! I had to take a moment to compose myself after reading that. Despite that fact that there are so many types of butter cookies/biscuits, including some fabulous French ones, I can guarantee that this person has never had good shortbread!

Be sure to have shortbread on hand for Burns Night (January 25th)

Of course, taste and opinions are both subjective, however, a butter cookie usually has other ingredients and isn’t as plain and simple as this shortbread cookie recipe. Shortbread, and shortcrust pastry are just as they sound–they don’t have eggs and other binders, so the result is a short, crumbly texture. When you put a good shortbread biscuit in your mouth, it’s a crumbly, buttery, sweet bite of goodness!

Another difference between butter cookies and shortbread would be the quality of ingredients (however, it works both ways) so please read on as I cover that next. Just read a few reviews left by readers who tried this recipe:

  • “Hi Christina. Just made this recipe this morning. I am a huge fan of shortbread. I have to say this is the absolute best I have ever had and will only make this from now on. Thank you so much for the recipe. I adore your site.” -Susan
  • “So delicious. My husband loves the fingers. Making another batch 5 days after the 1st batch. And it’s so easy!” -Cathy
  • “This was my first ever shortbread, In many things, but definitely not a cook or a baker. This is easy and perfectly yummy recipe. Thank you!” -Aga

What makes a Good Shortbread?

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A good shortbread comes from two things: the very best ingredients, and a proper recipe. You now have that recipe (which is the hardest part)! It is so difficult for me to see so many recipes floating around on the internet claiming to be “shortbread”. It’s also important to get the ingredients measured properly, and you can only do this with a scale. I highly recommend using a scale for shortbread that looks like what I’ve made in these pictures.

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Shortbread Pairs Perfectly with Two Beverages: Tea and Whisky

Although I took photos with whisky, tea and shortbread is even more popular! You can’t really have whisky with your shortbread anytime, can you? Check out my how to make loose leaf tea post.

Why do you Prick Shortbread?

Much the same as pricking the base of a pie crust, potato scones and other baked goods, pricking shortbread with a fork ensures that the biscuits don’t bubble up and bake uniformly. It also gives it the classic pattern, for which shortbread is known.

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Shortbread History

When shortbread was first invented, it wasn’t the creation you and I are used to eating. It had yeast in it, was also made savory, and had lots of added ingredients. Here’s a recipe from Mrs. Frazer who wrote a cookbook in 18th century Scotland.

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On the Shetland Islands, a cake made out of scone or shortbread dough would be broken on the head of a bride as she crossed the threshold of her new home! If it shattered into many small pieces, it would be considered good luck for a happy marriage. It was also good luck to find a piece of the cake on the floor! (As an aside, when I was a little girl I used to LOVE picking up the confetti (sugar coated almonds) on the ground after they’d been thrown at the bride and groom at Italian weddings.)

Is it Better to use Powdered Sugar or Granulated Sugar for Shortbread Cookies?

As a Scot, I can tell you that granulated or caster sugar should be used to make PROPER SCOTTISH SHORTBREAD. If you want an authentic biscuit, do not use powdered or confectioner’s sugar. You’ll also need granulated sugar to sprinkle on top of the finished product. No one ever dusts shortbread with powdered sugar.

Again, I would guess many people sharing other shortbread recipes have never even tasted proper shortbread (you don’t have to go to Scotland for that). Buy the best quality flour, cane sugar and most importantly, butter, to make the best biscuits you can make. You won’t be disappointed.

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From 2014: I amincredibly honored and overjoyed to have been asked to be a judge in this year’s Scottish Baking Awards Competition, which will be held at Mar Hall Resort and Spa, near Glasgow, in September! As I was born in Scotland, it means so much to me to be able to participate as a judge in such a prestigious competition.

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Regarding my trip to Scotland: maybe I can answer your questions, or it may inspire you to book a trip, remind you of someplace you’ve been. It’s possible that I’ll just make you want to run to your kitchen to bake up a Scottish cake or biscuits you just can’t wait to try! Please buy a scale if you don’t have one yet! Weighing the ingredients will insure excellent results. No one uses cups in Scotland.

Take a virtual trip to Scotland with me!

Another type of shortbread you can make: Millionaire’s Shortbread aka Caramel Shortcake

This shortbread cookie recipe is a fabulous start to make gifts for the holidays! To be honest, shortbread makes a great gift any time of year.

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(The Best) Shortbread Cookie Recipe

recipe adapted from Lofty Peak (slightly adapted for US) make about 12-16 pieces depending on shape

PRINTABLE RECIPE BELOW

Make the Shortbread Cookie Dough

Start by mixing the butter and sugar together, but DO NOT CREAM them. The butter shouldn’t be too soft, but also not straight from the fridge, especially if you use a mixer. These two ingredients should be thoroughly amalgamated, but not creamed.

Then add the flour and mix to a stiff consistency. Don’t overwork the dough; stop when it just comes together. That’s it, you’ve just made shortbread dough: I told you it was easy!

Form into a ball and place on a lightly flour dusted countertop, and roll out with a rolling pin into the shape of a pan or tin you want to bake them in.

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I baked this in an 8 x 8 pan. Trim the edges to the approximate size.

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Next, place it in the pan of your choice. One mistake many people make is rolling the dough too thinly. Proper shortbread should be quite thick (no less than 3/4″ or 2cm if making fingers). Tip: make sure your fingers are wide enough that a fork can prick them. Use a bench scraper or knife to cut the dough into fingers.

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Then prick the shortbread with a fork, about half way through.

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This gives the biscuits the authentic and iconic shortbread pattern.

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You can also shape the dough into a ball, roll it out into a round, and score into triangles, then prick with a fork. Unless it’s really hot in your kitchen, there’s no need to chill the dough.

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Here’s yet another option: a shortbread mold (brush the mold with a little oil, and sugar first to ensure it comes out nicely). I love all of these moulds as they have so many gorgeous designs AND they’re made in USA! Roll out the dough, place over the mould and roll with a rolling pin.

Remove the excess dough then turn out onto a tray. Isn’t it beautiful even before baking?

If your shortbread mould doesn’t have a pretty design, prick it with a fork.

Bake the Shortbread Cookies

Place in preheated oven for 25 to 30 minutes or until slightly brown on edges. Sprinkle with sugar immediately upon removing from the oven. Shortbread shouldn’t be darkly colored. Let your shortbread cool on or in the pan or tray before moving to rack to cool completely.

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Store in a sealed container (an old Walker’s shortbread tin is excellent) and keep in a cool, dry place. Shortbread will keep well for weeks, but is also excellent after being frozen. If you plan to keep your shortbread for more than two weeks, I’d suggest freezing it.

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A proper shortbread cookie recipe is one of those things that makes you think of the old adage, “simple is best”.

I hope you enjoyed my shortbread cookie recipe and make it often!

If you like my cut crystal glasses. Here are some similar ones that I found. I love them because they are Italian-made Scotch glasses, like me! The scotch whisky glass was one I purchased in Scotland, but you can purchase the same brand (set of 4) without the Scotland emblem here. And here is a beautiful thistle shortbread mold. Have you noticed the thistle on my logo? That’s because I was born in Scotland!

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How to Make Shortbread (Easy Scottish Recipe)

Yield: 12-16 depending on shape

Prep Time: 10 minutes

Cook Time: 30 minutes

Total Time: 40 minutes

Classic and authentic Scottish Shortbread recipe containing only three ingredients: flour, butter and sugar.

Ingredients

  • 340 g (2 ¾ cups) all-purpose flour
  • 100 g (1/2 cup) sugar
  • 227 g salted butter (2 sticks) softened (you can use unsalted, which is the norm for baking, but add a good pinch of salt)
  • (extra sugar to sprinkle on top)

Instructions

Heat oven to 375º F (190 ºC)

  1. Start by mixing the butter and sugar together, but DO NOT CREAM them. The butter shouldn't be too soft, but also not straight from the fridge, especially if you use a mixer. These two ingredients should be thoroughly amalgamated, but not creamed.
  2. Then add the flour and mix to a stiff consistency. Don't overwork the dough; stop when it just comes together. That's it, you've just made shortbread dough: I told you it was easy!
  3. Roll out into the shape of a pan or tin you want to bake them in. I baked this in an 8 x 8 pan. Trim the edges to the approximate size.
  1. FINGERS: Place it in the pan of your choice. One mistake many people make is rolling the shortbread too thin. Proper shortbread should be quite thick (no less than 3/4" or 2cm if making fingers). Tip: make sure your fingers are wide enough that a fork can prick them. Use a bench scraper or knife to cut the dough into fingers. Next, prick the shortbread with a fork, about half way through.
  2. ROUND: You can also shape the dough into a ball, roll it out into a round, and score into triangles, then prick with a fork.
  3. MOULD: (brush the mold with a little oil, and sugar first to ensure it comes out nicely). Roll out the dough, place over the mould and roll again to press into it. Remove the excess dough then turn out onto a tray. If your shortbread mould doesn't have a pretty design, prick it with a fork
  4. CUT OUT SHAPES: roll out more thinly (as with sugar cookies) and cut with cookie cutter. Place onto prepared baking sheet and prick evenly.
  5. Place in preheated oven for 15 to 30 minutes (depending on which thickness or shape) or until slightly brown on edges. Sprinkle with sugar immediately upon removing from the oven. Shortbread shouldn't be darkly colored. Let your shortbread cool on or in the pan or tray before moving to rack to cool completely.

Notes

  • Quality ingredients are KEY, especially the butter.
  • PLEASE USE A SCALE FOR BEST RESULTS: no one in Scotland is making shortbread with cups.
  • Store in a sealed container (an old Walker's tin is excellent) and keep in a cool, dry place. Shortbread will keep well for weeks, but is also excellent after being frozen.
  • If you plan to keep your shortbread for more than two weeks, I'd suggest freezing it.
Nutrition Information:

Yield: 12Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving:Calories: 275Total Fat: 16gSaturated Fat: 10gTrans Fat: 1gUnsaturated Fat: 5gCholesterol: 41mgSodium: 122mgCarbohydrates: 31gFiber: 1gSugar: 9gProtein: 3g

Nutrition information is only estimated.

Did you make this recipe?

Please leave a review by clicking on the 5 stars above, in the purple header (a form will appear) or tag me on Instagram! 😍

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For those of you who are interested in why I chose to use the term “shortbread cookie recipe” instead of just “shortbread recipe”. It’s simple, there are so many Americans searching for a this type of recipe every day. If I use the term “shortbread” on its own, this recipe will be lost, probably somewhere on page 326 of Google.

I truly and honestly want to share this authentic and traditional Scottish shortbread cookie recipe (see I did it again!) with as many people as possible. This is the best way for me to achieve that goal, so I’d rather use the term cookie in my post so that I can save more people from the inauthentic recipes out there. (For those of you who know about SEO, it’s all about that.)

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Christina’s Cucinais a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking toAmazon.com.

How to Make Shortbread (Recipe from Scotland) (2024)

FAQs

What is the secret to making good shortbread? ›

Tips To Make the Best Shortbread Cookies
  • Choose High Quality Butter. No matter what brand of butter you buy, if it's real butter, you can rest assured that it's the best. ...
  • Keep Ingredients Simple. ...
  • Add Flavor. ...
  • Don't Overwork. ...
  • Shape Dough. ...
  • Chill Before Baking. ...
  • Bake Until Golden. ...
  • Add Finishing Touches.

What is traditional Scottish shortbread made from? ›

Traditional Scottish Shortbread Cookies has always been one of my favorite cookies. Made with four simple ingredients, flour, butter, sugar and salt, these crumbly, buttery, delicious shortbread cookies will be a sweet treat your whole family will love!

What is the difference between Scottish shortbread and regular shortbread? ›

As mentioned above, the main differences between the two styles of cookies are butter content and inclusion of leavening agents. These differences result in very different texture and taste experiences. No matter your preference, you can be sure to get a quality product from Walkers Shortbread.

What are common mistakes when making shortbread? ›

The most common mistakes when making shortbread are over-working the dough, and incorporating too much flour. The less you work the dough, the more crumbly and melt-in-your-mouth your shortbread cookies will be.

Should butter be cold when making shortbread? ›

Should butter be cold or room temperature for making shortbread? Always start with cold butter straight from the refrigerator. This will keep the dough from warming up, making it greasy and difficult to roll out.

What does adding cornstarch to shortbread do? ›

A cornstarch shortbread cookie is a shortbread cookie that contains cornstarch along with all-purpose flour in the cookie dough. The cornstarch is used to give these buttery treats a crispy, melt-in-the-mouth texture. It also helps prevent the cookies from becoming too crumbly and breaking apart.

What is shortbread called in Scotland? ›

Shortbread or shortie is a traditional Scottish biscuit usually made from one part white sugar, two parts butter, and three to four parts plain wheat flour. Shortbread does not contain any leavening, such as baking powder or baking soda.

What is the world's famous shortbread? ›

Walker's Shortbread is honoured to carry a Royal Warrant, granted by Her Majesty the Queen, for the supply of Shortbread and Oatcakes. Walker's Shortbread is a gift fit for a king, and a treat befitting any special occasion.

Why does shortbread have holes in it? ›

The word "bread" comes from "biscuit bread" which was made from leftover bread dough that was sweetened and dried out in the oven to make biscuits. Why do you poke holes in shortbread? The holes allow the moisture to escape during baking and more even heat distribution. This helps dry out and crisp up the cookies.

How do you know when shortbread is done? ›

A good way to check to see if the shortbread is baked is to see if they are set - they will be slightly firm around the outside, and may be just beginning to turn golden around the edges. You want to keep them nice and pale so make sure your oven is running at the temperature it says that it is.

What do Americans call shortbread? ›

Shortbread isn't a bread, it's what we Americans call a cookie.

Why is it called millionaire shortbread? ›

The name "millionaire's shortbread" appears to have originated in Scotland. The "millionaire" prefix to millionaire's shortbread or millionaires slice implies a level of decadence and wealth to the sweet treat, that it is an upgrade from regular shortbread.

What happens if you don't chill shortbread before baking? ›

Do I need to chill shortbread before baking? While some recipes call for the dough to be chilled before baking, you don't need to chill it in this recipe! The dough gets pressed into a baking pan, so we don't need to worry about it spreading on a baking sheet.

What happens if you don't poke holes in shortbread? ›

Piercing the shortbread with a fork is not only for decoration, but it's meant for more even baking. Poking holes in the shortbread allows the heat to penetrate the cookie, hence more even baking. Notice I'm using powdered sugar here.

What are the disadvantages of shortbread? ›

Sugar provides a fast source of energy. There are rarely any artificial additives. Cons: Shortbread is a weight watcher's nightmare because it is extremely high in saturated fat and calories.

Should you chill shortbread dough before rolling? ›

Use your hands to form the dough into a flat disc, then wrap in plastic wrap and place in the fridge to chill for at least an hour. Roll the dough out onto a lightly floured surface until it is ⅛-¼” thick.

Should you chill shortbread before baking? ›

After shaping the cookies, don't rush to the oven! Instead, chill the dough in the refrigerator for 30 minutes or so (overnight is OK, too). A short stay in the fridge will firm up the cookies and solidify the butter. This will help keep them from spreading too much.

Should shortbread be crunchy or soft? ›

Shortbread should always have a tender, melting texture, but be slightly crisp when you bite into it. It should not generally be damp or wet underneath. A classic shortbread recipe will also only have flour, butter and sugar as the ingredients (in a 3:2:1 ratio) and not egg, which could lead to excess moisture.

Why is my shortbread so crumbly after baking? ›

If your recipe doesn't use much fat, you may end up with crumbly dough. To fix this, add in a bit more fat a teaspoon at a time, and mix after each addition. This is a great option if you have shortbread cookie dough that's too dry.

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